MASA DEPAN ANAK MUDA PERTANIAN DI TENGAH LIBERALISASI PERTANAHAN

Ahmad Nashih Luthfi(1*), Surya Saluang(2)

(1) Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional
(2) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract: The opitimism and persistence of small farmers, such as Alexander Chayanov’s view, need to be thoroughly explored
by examining the demographic composition of the farmers’ families, especially those of their younger genarations. The paper
is aimed at finding the critical existance of the Indonesian agricultural regeneration caused by the structural constraints. They
can be in the form of political large-sacle land alocation for corporates; and other stuctural patriarchal and grontocratic
constraints; instead of the young generations’ motivation. If the above constraints are able to be eliminated, as two cases in
Halmahera islands and one village in Kulonprogo regency, Yogyakarta, there will be large opportunity for them. The youths’
enthusiasm will grow if there is an open access for them. The access can be in the form of land, work opportunity, knowledge on
agriculture as well as agricultural policy for household-scale.
Keywords: youth farming generation, alocation policy, patriarchal and grontocratic cultures, access.


Abstrak: Optimisme peran dan persistensi petani kecil sebagaimana pandangan Alexander Chayanov perlu lebih didalami dengan
melihat komposisi demografis keluarga masyarakat tani, khususnya generasi muda mereka. Tulisan ini mengkaji adanya krisis
regenerasi pertanian Indonesia yang lebih disebabkan adanya kendala-kendala struktural berupa politik pengalokasian tanah
skala besar untuk korporasi; dan kendala kultural yang bersifat patriarkis dan grontokratis; alih-alih absennya motivasi generasi
muda. Ketika kendala-kendala tersebut dapat dihilangkan, sebagaimana yang ditunjukkan dalam kasus di dua desa di kepulauan
Halmahera dan satu desa di Kulonprogo, Yogyakarta, maka terbuka peluang besar keterlibatan mereka. Antusiasme generasi
muda akan tumbuh ketika segenap akses terbuka luas bagi mereka, yakni berupa tanah, keterbukaan tenaga kerja, pengetahuan
pertanian, serta kebijakan pertanian skala rumah tangga.
Kata kunci: generasi muda pertanian, politik alokasi, budaya patriarkis dan grontokratis, akses


Keywords


youth farming generation; alocation policy; patriarchal and grontocratic cultures; access.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31292/jb.v1i1.40

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