Pemetaan Objek Reforma Agraria dalam Kawasan Hutan (Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Banyuasin)

Rohmat Junarto(1*), Djurdjani Djurdjani(2)

(1) Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Understanding the spatial-temporal dynamics of land cover at a regional scale is important to promote national agrarian reform and social forestry programs. The uncertainty of the status, location, boundaries and area of the area has become a source of problems in area management, especially by local communities who use the area to meet their daily needs. Difficulty conducting site surveys, limited time, cost and human resources require the application of satellite technology to collect data on agrarian reform objects. This study aims to determine the use of optical remote sensing technology images to map potential agrarian reform objects in Banyuasin District forest areas, as one of the priority locations for land tenure settlement in forest areas (PPTKH). The research method is concurrent triangulation. Potential objects for agrarian reform in forest area can be found by means of spatial-temporal analysis, namely by considering the types of land cover which are proven to be historically consistent and their patterns, time of appointment, area boundaries and area functions. The method of delineation of objects on the earth's surface recorded on the image is proven to be effective in producing maps by considering the purpose and area of the mapping, spatial resolution, spectral resolution, temporal resolution, environmental complexity and cloud layers

Keywords: Landsat, community, agrarian reform, land cover, spatial pattern.

Intisari: Memahami dinamika spasial-temporal dari penutup lahan pada skala regional penting untuk mendorong program reforma agraria dan perhutanan sosial secara nasional. Ketidakpastian status, letak, batas dan luas kawasan hutan, umumnya menjadi sumber permasalahan pengelolaan kawasan hutan, terutama adanya masyarakat yang menguasai dan menggunakan kawasan hutan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya. Kesulitan melakukan survei lokasi, keterbatasan waktu, banyaknya biaya dan sumber daya manusia, membutuhkan penerapan teknologi satelit untuk melengkapi data tersebut. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memetakan potensi objek reforma agraria dalam kawasan hutan di Kabupaten Banyuasin, sebagai salah satu dari 364 lokasi penyelesaian penguasaan tanah dalam kawasan hutan (PPTKH). Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah model concurrent triangulation. Potensi objek reforma agraria dapat ditemukan dengan cara analisis spasial-temporal dan pola keruangan, yaitu dengan mempertimbangkan jenis penutup lahan yang terbukti konsisten secara historis, pola penggunaan lahan masyarakat, waktu penunjukan batas kawasan, serta fungsi kawasan. Metode delineasi objek yang terekam pada citra, terbukti efektif dalam menghasilkan peta dengan mempertimbangkan tujuan pemetaan, luas areal, resolusi spasial, spektral, temporal, kerumitan lingkungan dan lapisan awan.

Kata Kunci: Landsat, masyarakat, reforma agraria, penutup lahan, pola keruangan.


Keywords


akurasi, landsat, perubahan penggunaan lahan, pola, vegetasi

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31292/bhumi.v6i2.443

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