Land Sovereignty as A Counter-Hegemony Against The Corporate Food Regime

Taufiqul Mujib(1*)

(1) Student at the Faculty of Arts and Social Science The University of Waikato – New Zealand
(*) Corresponding Author


Abtract: The global food regime has failed and led to a food crisis. However, food regime can transform from time to time in order to dominatethe food system globally. The current food regime is also known as the corporate food regime. In this period, capital accumulation reorganization is no longer centered in the state, but in multinational corporations. Therefore, there needs to be a framework to address the transformation in order to provide an effective alternative food system, especially for the Global South. This study elaborates on how land sovereignty initiated by La Via Campesina can be a counter-hegemony against the corporate food regime to get out of the crisis of capital accumulation through massive land investments, especially in the Global South. Moreover, this paper refers to Friedmann and McMichael’s (1989) concept about the food regime and examines such conditions by using Gramsci’s (1971) ideas on hegemony. In conclusion, the land sovereignty concept can be considered to be an effective alternative framework to deal with the hegemony of neoliberal globalism for five reasons, namely: 1) the possibility of using various property rights systems; 2) the possibility to be implemented through land reform redistribution policy with several adjustments;  3) the probability to be a common platform because the concept recognizes land not only as a resource but also as culture and as a landscape; 4) the probability to be connected with other campaigns; and 5) the probability to be connected with political work of the broader working community globally.

Intisari: Rezim Korporasi Pangan telah gagal dan memicu terjadinya krisis pangan. Meskipun demikian, rezim pangan dapat bertransformasi dari waktu ke waktu untuk menghegemoni sistem pangan secara global. Rezim pangan saat ini juga juga dikenal sebagai rezim korporasi pangan. Dalam periode ini, reorganisasi akumulasi kapital tidak lagi berpusat pada negara, tetapi pada korporasi-korporasi multinasional. Oleh karena itu perlu adanya sebuah kerangka untuk menjawab transformasi tersebut sehingga mampu menawarkan sebuah sistem pangan alternatif yang efektif, khususnya bagi negara-negara Global Selatan. Kajian ini mengelaborasi bagaimana kedaulatan tanah yang diinisiasi oleh La Via Campesina dapat menjadi kontra hegemoni melawan rezim korporasi pangan untuk bisa keluar dari krisis akumulasi kapital akibat investasi-investasi tanah yang masif terutama di Global Selatan. Tulisan ini merujuk pada konsep dari Friedmann dan McMichaels (1989) mengenai rezim pangan dan mengkaji beberapa situasi dengan menggunakan ide Gramsci mengenai hegemoni. Kesimpulannya, konsep kedaulatan tanah dapat dipertimbangkan sebagai sebuah alternatif kerangka yang efektif untuk menghadapi hegemoni globalisme neoliberal untuk 5 alasan, yaitu: dimungkinkannya menggunakan berbagai sistem hak kepemilikan, kemungkinan untuk diimplementasikan melalui kebijakan land reform redistributif dengan sejumlah penyesuaian, peluang untuk menjadi platform umum karena konsep tanah tidak lagi hanya dipahami sebagai sumberdaya, tetapi sebagai budaya dan lanskap, peluang untuk menghubungkannya dengan kampanye yang lain serta kerja politik pada tataran kerja komunitas luas secara global.



Intisari: Rezim Korporasi Pangan telah gagal dan memicu terjadinya krisis pangan. Meskipun demikian, rezim pangan dapat bertransformasi dari waktu ke waktu untuk menghegemoni sistem pangan secara global. Rezim pangan saat ini juga juga dikenal sebagai rez

Full Text:



Alwang, J Gotora, E Thielec, G, Hareauc, G, Jaletad, M, and Chamberlind, J 2017, Pathways from research on improved staple crop germplasm to poverty reduction for smallholder farmers,

Bernstein, H 2015, Food regimes and food regime analysis: a selective survey. Land grabbing, conflict and agrarian‐environmental transformations: perspectives from East and Southeast Asia, An international academic conference 5‐6 June 2015, Chiang Mai University

Borras, JS Hall, R Scoones, I White, B and Wolford, W 2011, Towards a better understanding of global land grabbing: an editorial introduction. Journal of Peasant Studies, 38: 2, 209 – 216, DOI: 10.1080/03066150.2011.559005

Borras, J. S. and Franco, J 2012, A ‘land sovereignty’ alternative? towards a peoples’ counter-enclosure. Transnational Institute (TNI) discussion paper, Retrieved from:

Borras, JS Franco, J Gomez, S Kay, C and Spoor, M 2012, Land grabbing in Latin America and the Caribbean, The Journal of Peasant Studies, Vol. 39, Nos. 3–4, July–October 2012, 845–872

Borras, JS Franco, J and Monsalve, S 2015. Land and food sovereignty, Third World Quarterly, Vol 36, No 3, 600-607

Dryzek, J 2013, The politics of the Earth, Environmental discourses, Oxford, Oxford University Press

Dwiartama, A 2016, Membangun kerangka teoritis untuk memahami resiliensi sistem pertanian-pangan di Indonesia. Retrieved from:

El-Ghonemy, MR 2010, Anti-poverty land reform issues never die, London and New York, Routledge Taylor & Francis Group

FAO 2011, Global food crises. Retrived from

Friedmann, H and McMichael, P 1989, Agriculture and the state system, the rise and decline of national agricultures, 1870 to the present, Sociologia Ruralis, Vol. XXIX-2

Friedmann, H 2004, Feeding the empire: the pathologies of globalized agriculture’, The Socialist Register 2005, L Panitch and C Leys, ed, London, Merlin Press, pp.124-43.

Friedmann, H 2005, From colonialism to green capitalism: social movements and the emergence of food regimes, In FH Buttel & P McMichael (Eds.) New directions in the Sociology of Global Development, Research in Rural Sociology and Development, Vol. 11, Oxford, Elsevier.

Garcia, VV 2007, Land grabbing in Mexico: extent, scale, purpose and novelty, Retrieved from:

GRAIN 2016, June 14, The global farmland grab in 2016: how big, how bad? Retrieved from:

Gramsci, A 1971, Selections from the prison notebooks, Hoare, Q and Smith, GN (Eds), New York, International Publisher

Hastuti, OT and Adian, DG 2013, Problem subyek hegemoni dalam pemikiran Antonio Gramsci: telaah hegemoni militer dalam perpolitikan Indonesia, University of Indonesia. Retrieved from:

Hendrickson, MK and Heffernan, W 2002, Opening spaces through relocalization: locating potential resistance in the weaknesses of the global food system, Sociologia Ruralis, 42(4), 347-369

Huda, N 2006, Perihal hegemoni dan perang posisi. Retrieved from:

Ito, T Rachman, NF and Savitri, LA 201, Power to make land dispossession acceptable: a policy discourse analysis of the Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE), Papua, Indonesia, The Journal of Peasant Studies,

La via Campesina, 2007, Declaration of Nyéléni, Retrieved from:

La via Campesina 2018, Finally, UN General Assembly adopts Peasant Rights declaration! Now focus is on its implementation, Retrieved from:

Lipietz, A 1986, Behind the crisis: the exhaustion of a regime of accumulation, A "regulation school" perspective on some French empirical works. Review of Radical Political Economics.

Lipton, M 2009, Land reform in developing countries, property rights and property wrongs, London and New York, Routledge Taylor & Francis Group

Hall, D, Hirsch, P, and Li, TN 2011, Power of exclusion, Land dilemmas in Southeast Asia, National University of Singapore, NUS Press.

Holden, ST and Ghebru, H 2016, Land tenure reforms, tenure security and food security in poor agrarianeconomies: causal linkages and research gaps,

Oxfam International 2012, Our land, our lives, time out on the global land rush, Oxfam Briefing Note October 2012.

McMichael, P 2009, A food regime analysis of the ‘world food crisis’, This paper was presented, in an earlier form, to the UNC Mellon-Sawyer seminar conference on the fate of food, at Chapel Hill, April 2008, DOI 10.1007/s10460-009-9218-5

McMichael, P 2012, The land grab and corporate food regime restructuring, The Journal of Peasant Studies, 39:3-4, 681-701,

McMichael, P 2013, Historicizing food sovereignty: a food regime perspective. Conference paper for discussion at: Food sovereignty: a critical dialogue, International Conference September 14-15, 2013

Moore, JW 2010, The end of the road? Agricultural revolutions in the capitalist world-ecology, 1450–2010. Journal of Agrarian Change, Vol, 10, No 3, July 2010, p. 389–413.

Ribot, JC and Peluso, NL 2003, A theory of access, Rural Sociology, 68(2), p. 153–181,

Zembylas, M 2013, Revisiting the Gramscian legacy on counter-hegemony, the subaltern and affectivity: toward an emotional pedagogy of activism in higher education, Journal Cristal: critical studies in teaching and learning, Vol. 1, p. 1-21, DOI: 10.14426/cristal.v1i1.2


Article metrics

Abstract views : 269 | views : 161


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Author

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats