Tekanan Populasi, Kepadatan Agraris, dan Ketersediaan Lahan pada Komunitas Petani

Dwi Wulan Pujiriyani(1*), Endriatmo Soetarto(2), Dwi Andreas Santosa(3), Ivanovich Agusta(4)

(1) Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional
(2) Institut Pertanian Bogor
(3) Institut Pertanian Bogor
(4) Institut Pertanian Bogor
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract: Population density is a serious problem for the existence of the peasant community and its agricultural landscape. In this situation, deagrarianization becomes a necessity because the economies scale of farming are becoming smaller and not profitable for peasants. This paper aims to analyze the community's strategy in maintaining its agrarian landscape. Data for this study were obtained through community case study method. Live in strategy is done for 2.5 months to deepen understanding at the community. The results showed that the peasant community was actively defend not to get out from agriculture. Expansion by increasing land ownership and reducing population numbers are the two main strategies. This strategy allows the ratio of agrarian landscape and agrarian density not to make the younger generation lose the opportunity to own agricultural land. Optimism to increase ownership of agricultural land for the younger generation is done by buying agricultural land from those who are not interested in pursuing agriculture.

Keywords: land ownership, agriculture, deagrarianization, community strategy

Intisari: Kepadatan penduduk merupakan masalah serius bagi eksistensi komunitas petani dan bentang agrarianya. Dalam situasi serupa ini, deagrarianisasi menjadi sebuah keniscayaan karena skala ekonomi usaha tani menjadi semakin kecil dan tidak menguntungkan bagi petani. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis strategi komunitas dalam mempertahankan bentang agrarianya. Data untuk penelitian ini diperoleh melalui metode studi kasus komunitas. Pendalaman di tingkat komunitas dilakukan dengan live in selama 2,5 bulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komunitas petani secara aktif berstrategi untuk tidak keluar dari pertanian. Ekspansi dengan menambah kepemilikan lahan dan mengurangi jumlah populasi merupakan dua strategi yang utama. Strategi ini memungkinkan rasio bentang agraria dan kepadatan agraris tidak membuat generasi yang lebih muda kehilangan kesempatan untuk memiliki lahan pertanian. Optimisme menambah kepemilikan lahan pertanian bagi generasi yang lebih muda dilakukan dengan cara membeli lahan pertanian dari mereka yang sudah tidak berminat menekuni pertanian.

Kata Kunci: kepemilikan lahan, pertanian, deagrarianisasi, strategi komunitas


Keywords


Land ownership, agriculture, deagrarianization, community strategy

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31292/jb.v5i1.318

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